What are cookies on computers?

Also known as browser cookies or tracking cookies, cookies are small text files, often encrypted, that are located in the browser directories. Website developers use them to allow their users to navigate more easily and develop certain functions. Due to its central role when it comes to increasing and even allowing certain processes of the different websites, disabling cookies can make users not use certain web pages.

Cookies are created when a user's browser loads a specific page. This page sends information to the browser, which then creates a text file. Each time the user returns to the same page, the browser retrieves this file and sends it to the server of the page. The website that the user is visiting is not the only one that creates the cookies, but also other websites that develop ads, tools or other elements present in the page that is being loaded. These cookies regulate how ads should appear or how tools and other elements of the website work.

Most browsers currently allow the user to configure if they wish to accept cookies and which ones. These settings are usually found in the 'options' or 'Preferences' menu of your browser.

These are the instructions to configure cookies in the main browsers, these instructions are indicative and can be changed at any time by those responsible for them:

  • Chrome: Settings -> Show advanced options -> Privacy -> Content settings.
  • For more information, you can check Google support or browser Help.
  • Firefox: Tools -> Options -> Privacy -> History -> Custom Settings.
  • For more information, you can check Mozilla support or browser Help.
  • Internet Explorer: Tools -> Internet Options -> Privacy -> Settings.
  • For more information, you can consult Microsoft support or browser Help.
  • Safari: Preferences -> Security.
  • For more information, you can check Apple support or browser Help.

What type of cookies are used on this website?

Cookies, depending on their permanence, can be divided into session or permanent cookies. The first ones expire when the user closes the browser. The second ones expire in function when the objective for which they serve is fulfilled (for example, so that the pages are always shown in the same language) or when they are manually deleted.

Additionally, depending on their purpose, Cookies can be classified as follows:

  • Geolocation cookies: these Cookies are used to find out in which country you are when a web or service is requested. This Cookie is completely anonymous, and is only used to help guide the content to your location.
  • Technical cookies: are those that allow the user to navigate through a web page, platform or application and the use of different options or services that exist in it, such as controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, access restricted access parts, remember the elements that make up an order, perform the purchase process of an order, make the request for registration or participation in an event, use security elements during navigation, store contents for dissemination of videos or sound or share content through social networks.
  • Personalization cookies: These are those that allow the user to access the service with some predefined general characteristics based on a series of criteria in the user's terminal, such as the language, the type of browser through which the user accesses the service , the regional configuration from where you access the service, etc.
  • Advertising cookies: Are those that, well treated by us or by third parties, allow us to manage in the most efficient way possible the offer of the advertising spaces that are on the website, adapting the content of the advertisement to the content of the requested service or to the use that you make of our web page. For this we can analyze your browsing habits on the Internet and we can show you advertising related to your browsing profile.
  • Behavioral advertising cookies: These are those that allow the management, in the most efficient way possible, of the advertising spaces that, if applicable, the editor has included in a web page, application or platform from which the requested service is provided. These cookies store information on the behavior of users obtained through the continuous observation of their browsing habits, which allows the development of a specific profile to display advertising based on it.
  • Registration cookies: Registration cookies are generated once the User has registered or subsequently opened their session, and are used to identify you on the web and services with the following objectives:
    • Keep the user identified so that, if a service or web closes, the browser or the computer and at another time or another day re-enters that service or web, it will remain identified, facilitating its navigation without having to re-identify. This functionality can be suppressed if the user presses the "Exit" functionality, so that this Cookie is deleted and the next time it enters the web the user will have to log in to be identified.
    • Check if the user is authorized to access certain services, for example, access to the area of ​​registered users.
    • Additionally, some services may use third-party connectors such as Facebook, Twitter or Google. When the user registers in a service with credentials of a social network or identification system of third parties, authorizes the same to keep a persistent cookie that remembers his identity and guarantees access to the web until it expires. The user can delete this cookie and revoke access to the web through social networks or third party identification system updating their preferences in the social network that specific.
  • Analytics Cookies: Each time a User visits a Web or Service, a tool from an external provider (Google Analytics and similar) generates an analytical cookie on the user's device. This cookie that is only generated during the visit, will serve in future visits to identify the visitor anonymously. The main objectives that are pursued are:
    • Allow anonymous identification of browsing users through the "Cookie" (identifies browsers and devices, not people) and therefore the approximate accounting of the number of visitors and their trend over time.
    • Identify anonymously the most visited content and therefore more attractive to users
    • Know if the user who is accessing is new or repeat visit.